Plant Name English Daisy  
Scientific Name Bellis Perennis 'Bellissima'  
Family Aster  
Plant Type Perenial  
Start of Blooming Season March  
End of Blooming Season September


Hybrid English Daisy is a hybrid variety of the common English Daisy, bellis perennis, in the aster family. Historically, English Daisy has also been commonly known as bruisewort and occasionally woundwort. However, the common name woundwort is now more closely associated with Stachys (woundworts). Most species of English Daisy are native to western, central and northern Europe, but widely naturalized in most temperate regions including the Americas and Australia. The name "daisy" is considered a corruption of "day's eye", because the whole head closes at night and opens in the morning. Chaucer called it "eye of the day". In Medieval times, bellis perennis or the English Daisy was commonly known as "Mary's Rose".

Hybrid English Daisy is commonly used as an ornamental plant in landscaping.

Within the realm of rational and holistic medicine, bellis perennis has astringent properties and has been used in herbal medicine for many centuries. In ancient Rome, the surgeons who accompanied Roman legions into battle would order their slaves to pick sacks full of daisies in order to extract their juice, hence the origin of this plant's scientific name in Latin. Bandages were soaked in this juice and would then be used to bind sword and spear cuts. Bellis perennis is still used in homeopathy for wounds and after certain surgical procedures, as well as for blunt trauma in animals. Typically, the plant is harvested while in flower when intended for use in homeopathy. Bellis perennis flowers have been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally as tea (or the leaves as a salad) for treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract.

Please note that MIROFOSS does not suggest in any way that plants should be used in place of proper medical and psychological care. This information is provided here as a reference only.

English Daisy may be used as a potherb in cooking. Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads or cooked, noting that the leaves become increasingly astringent with age. Flower buds and petals can be eaten raw in sandwiches, soups and salads. It is also used as a tea and as a vitamin supplement.

Please note that the edible properties of plants can change when creating hybrid varieties. MIROFOSS does not confirm or deny the edibility of hybrid plant species. This information is provided here as a reference only.

English Daisy is native to Europe and has been widely naturalized in North America and Australia. English Daisy grows along roadsides, in fields, as well as lawns. English Daisy is suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Soil Conditions
Soil Moisture

Hybrid English Daisy is a herbaceous perennial plant with short creeping rhizomes and rosettes of small rounded or spoon-shaped leaves that are from 2cm to 5cm long and grow flat to the ground. The species habitually colonizes lawns, and is difficult to eradicate by mowing - hence the term 'lawn daisy'. Wherever it appears it is often considered an invasive weed. The flower heads are ray like, in the form of a pseudanthium, consisting of many sessile flowers about 2cm to 3cm in diameter, with red ray florets and yellow disc florets. Each inflorescence is borne on single leafless stems 2cm to 10cm, rarely 15cm, tall. The capitulum, or disc of florets, is surrounded by two rows of green bracts known as "phyllaries".


Plant Height 5cm to 20cm
Habitat Fields, Roadsides, Lawns
Leaves Spatulate
Leaf Margin Undulate
Leaf Venation Pinnate
Stems Smooth Stems
Flowering Season March to September
Flower Type Small sized ray flowers
Flower Colour Red
Pollination Bees, Insects, Beetles, Self Fertile
Flower Gender Flowers are hermaphrodite and the plants are self-fertile
Fruit Small tapered seeds
USDA Zone 4B (-28.0°C to -31.0°C) cold weather limit

No known health risks have been associated with Hybrid English Daisy. However ingestion of naturally occurring plants without proper identification is not recommended.

-Click here- or on the thumbnail image to see an artist rendering, from The United States Department of Agriculture, of Hybrid English Daisy. (This image will open in a new browser tab)

-Click here- or on the thumbnail image to see a magnified view, from The United States Department of Agriculture, of the seeds created by Hybrid English Daisy for propagation. (This image will open in a new browser tab)

Hybrid English Daisy can be translated into the following select languages:

Arabic الإنجليزية ديزي Bulgarian маргаритка Chinese (Sim) 雏菊
Croatian tratinčica Czech sedmikráska Danish  
Dutch madeliefje Esperanto   Estonian margareeta
Finnish päivänkakkara French marguerite German Gänseblümchen
Greek μαργαρίτα Hebrew חִנָנִית Hungarian százszorszép
Italian margherita Japanese デイジー Korean 데이지
Low Saxon   Lithuanian saulutė Norwegian  
Persian گل افتاب گردان Polish stokrotka Portuguese margarida
Romanian margaretă Russian маргаритка Slovak sedmokráska
Spanish margarita Swedish   Tagalog uri ng bulaklak
Turkish papatya Ukrainian Маргаритка Vietnamese giống cúc

The information provided in this conservation assessment has been provided by the Natureserve Database in conjuction with various federal, provincial, state, county, district, regional, and municipal governments as well as public and private conservation authorities. Information in this section is accurate from the last time this article was updated.
Hybrid English Daisy has no conservation status as it is considered an exotic and or invasive species in North America.

The MIROFOSS database offers free printable garden tags for personal and non-profit use. These tags can be used to properly identify plant samples in a garden. Click on the tags shown on the the screen to download full size jpeg images for Hybrid English Daisy identification tags; which can be printed on paper or used with a plastic laser printer.

What's this?
This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to MIROFOSS articles. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by smart phone cameras. This QR Code is unique to this MIROFOSS article.

What can I do with it?
You can copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, web site, magazines, or newspaper so smart phone users can scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to this specific article.

Description Daisy." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed., 2011.
Folklore The Plant-Lore and Garden-Craft of Shakespeare, by Henry N. Ellacombe. W. Satchell and Company, London, 1884
Folklore Howard, Michael. Traditional Folk Remedies (Century, 1987),
Biology Stace, C.A. (2010). New flora of the British isles (Third ed.). Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521707725.
Image Rendering USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Environment National Audubon Society. Field Guide To Wildflowers (Eastern Region): Alfred A. Knopf. pp 415-420 ISBN 0-375-40232-2
Physical Identification National Audubon Society. Field Guide To Wildflowers (Eastern Region): Alfred A. Knopf. pp 415-420 ISBN 0-375-40232-2
May 25, 2015 The last time this page was updated
©2021 MIROFOSS™ Foundation