Plant Name Hairy Galinsoga
Scientific Name Galinsoga Quadriradiata
Family Aster
Plant Type Annual
Start of Blooming Season May
End of Blooming Season October


Hairy Galinsoga is a species of flowering plant in the aster family originating in central Mexico, although it has become naturalized in many other places such as North and South America, Europe, Japan, Philippines, and Northern India. Hairy galinsoga is considered a weed throughout its native and introduced range. As an agricultural weed, hairy galinsoga can reduce crop yields by up to 50%. The genus name commemorates Spanish physician and botanist Mariano Martinez de Galinsoga (1766-1797). The species name comes from the Latin words quadri, "square" and radiatus, "with shining rays".


There are currently no commercial applications for hairy galinsoga.

Within the realm of rational and holistic medicine, hairy galinsoga, when rubbed onto the body, is useful in treating nettle stings. The juice of the hairy galinsoga plant is applied to treat wounds; It can help to coagulate the blood of fresh cuts and wounds.

Please note that MIROFOSS does not suggest in any way that plants should be used in place of proper medical and psychological care. This information is provided here as a reference only.


The leaves, stem and flowering shoots of hairy galinsoga can be eaten, raw or cooked, as a potherb, or added to soups and stews. Hairy Galinsoga can be dried and ground into a powder then used as a flavouring in soups and stews. Having a bland but acceptable taste, hairy galinsoga can be used in salad either on its own or mixed with other leaves. The fresh juice can be mixed and drunk with tomato or vegetable juices.


Hairy Galinsoga is native to Mexico and Peru, but has naturalized in many parts of the world. Hairy Galinsoga can be found growing along roadsides, in waste places and gardens. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Soil Conditions
Soil Moisture
Sunlight
Notes:  


Hairy Galinsoga is an annual herb which can sometimes vary in appearance. The main stem can reach from 10cm to 60cm in height and may have multiple branches attached. Leaves are opposite, oval to triangular or lance-shaped. The leaves can be 2cm to 6cm long and 1cm to 5cm wide. Both surfaces of the leaves are hairy with a coarsely toothed margin. The small flowers are white to pale pink and approximately 1cm wide. Each flower contains eight to fifty yellow bracts with sticky hairs. The plant produces dark brown or black seeds 1.5mm to 3mm in size with 15 to 20 grayish white scales which act as pappus.

Plant Height 10cm to 60cm
Habitat Fields, Roadsides, Waste places, Gardens
Leaves Lanceolate
Leaf Margin Dentate
Leaf Venation Cross-Venulate
Stems Hairy Stems
Flowering Season May to October
Flower Type Small sized ray flowers
Flower Colour White with Yellow Bracts
Pollination Bees, Self Fertile
Flower Gender Flowers are hermaphrodite and the plants are self-fertile
Fruit Seeds with Pappus
USDA Zone 4B (-28.9°C to -31.6°C) cold weather limit


The following health hazards should be noted when handling or choosing a location to hairy galinsoga:

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD
Hairy Galinsoga is considered to be toxic to goats.

-Click here- or on the thumbnail image to see an artist rendering, from The Chinese Department of Agriculture, of hairy galinsoga. (This image will open in a new browser tab)

-Click here- or on the thumbnail image to see a magnified view, from The Canadian Ministry Agriculture, of the seeds created by hairy galinsoga for propagation. (This image will open in a new browser tab)


Hairy Galinsoga can be referenced in certain current and historical texts under the following four names:

Hairy Galinsoga can be translated into the following select languages:

Arabic   Bulgarian   Chinese (Sim) 多毛辣子
Croatian   Czech   Danish  
Dutch   Esperanto   Estonian karvane Võõrkakar
Finnish   French   German  
Greek   Hebrew   Hungarian szőrös gombvirág
Italian   Japanese ハキダメギク Korean 털 별꽃 아재비 속
Low Saxon   Lithuanian   Norwegian  
Persian   Polish   Portuguese  
Romanian Galin păros Russian   Slovak  
Spanish   Swedish   Tagalog  
Turkish   Ukrainian   Vietnamese  

The MIROFOSS database offers free printable garden tags for personal and non-profit use. These tags can be used to properly identify plant samples in a garden. Click on the tags shown on the the screen or -click here- to download a full size jpeg image for a hairy galinsoga identification tag; which can be printed on paper or used with a plastic laser printer.

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Description Kartesz, J.T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd edition. 2 vols. Timber Press, Portland, OR
Description Adams, C. D. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. University of the West Indies, Jamaica. 848pp.
Biology Gary N. Ervin, John D. Madsen & Ryan M. Wersal. "Galinsoga quadriradiata Cav.". Mississippi State University.
Biology Rhoads, Block. The Plants of Pennsylvania (2 ed.). ISBN 978-0-8122-4003-0.
Biology Dickinson, T.; Metsger, D.; Bull, J.; & Dickinson, R. (2004) ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario. Toronto:Royal Ontario Museum,
Image Rendering USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Environment National Audubon Society. Field Guide To Wildflowers (Eastern Region): Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-375-40232-2
Physical Identification National Audubon Society. Field Guide To Wildflowers (Eastern Region): Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-375-40232-2
June 24, 2016 The last time this page was updated
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